- Major revision Autumn 2017
FR100. A successful, thriving and well-managed UK forestry and woodlands estate will be achieved through the application of ecosystem and silvicultural principles, to enhance the ecology, landscape, monetary and health economy, whilst mitigating CO2 and the climate emergency risks.
FR200 Increase the area of cover in the UK to be between 30% and 40% in 10 years, meeting these forestry objectives within the context of the land use key outcomes (See LD200):
- Sustained cooperative relationship between public and private estates
- UK net self-sufficiency in forestry products to displace some fossil fuel based products (eg plastics).
- Optimise the quantity and quality of all forest products.
- Increase the involvement, employment and enjoyment of local communities.
- Maintain and protect ancient woodland and priority habitats as well as increasing biodiversity, abundance and soil health.
- Protect and increase the Public Forest Estate (PFE).
- Increase the area of fruit and nut trees
- Increase the biomass of living trees for carbon sequestration and remove pinewood from peatland to eliminate emissions
- Allow for the use of forest residue and waste wood as well as limited plantation for energy.”.
Forest and Woodlands within national and local government
FR301 A Green Government will introduce Local Forestry Coordinators (LFC), as employees of the local authority/local representative of the UKFWC, advising and liaising with communities and the sector.
The Public Forestry Estate (PFE)
FR401 The expansion of the UK estate/tree cover shall be driven through three component parts (in addition to other policy levers described in LD502).
- Forest Services, to manage the land cover of the PFE, allocate grants, enforce regulations and implement and police pest control
- Forest Research, to oversee and coordinate research through the PFE, academia and the commercial sector
- Forest Enterprise, to manage the PFE sustainably, plant, grow and fell standing timber, sustain balanced supply chains and encourage access.
Charitable Trusts & Estates
FR500 The Church Commissioners, the Church of England dioceses, the Crown Estates, and trusts such as the National Trust, RSPB, Wildlife Trusts, Woodland Trusts and significant private estates will be required to facilitate the creation of forestry and woodland serving biodiversity, energy, construction and social needs.
Increasing Forest Cover
FR600 An increase in overall tree cover shall be facilitated so that it achieves the objective in FR200, consisting of unmanaged forest and woodland; harvested forest and woodland; unharvested (but managed) forest and woodland; woodland; open canopy woodland; and agroforestry.
FR601 There will be a strong presumption against the permanent removal of woodland; any loss will be balanced by equivalent forest and woodland creation elsewhere, under the ultimate supervision of the UKFWC.
FR700 Planting of short rotation forestry and coppice for energy production shall be facilitated, where land use priorities allow. (See LD401)
FR701 Forest and sawmill residues can be used for energy production, but only if they are not better applied to preserving forest soil health and sequestering carbon, increasing biodiversity or producing other wood products.
Building and Packaging Materials
FR800 Supporting Green Party Industrial Policies IP202 and IP241, and climate change policy CC260, a Green Government will work to reduce UK imports of timbers and wood products that can be grown in the UK to net zero, and also promote a ‘Wood First’ policy in all new buildings and in retrofitting existing ones.
FR801 A Green Government will work to facilitate the provision of sustainable and non-polluting packaging and fencing, maintain a regular output, and encourage the replacement of oil-based packaging with wood products that do not meet construction grades.
FR900 A Green Government will work to maintain, enhance and restore forest ecosystems’ resilience and multi-functionality, to provide key environmental services, including flood mitigation, air, soil and water quality.
FR1000 A Green Government will recognise the significance of this critical area of research. This will include aspects such as improving the regulation and practice of biosecurity, embracing the Biosecurity Continuum, ensuring the updating and analysis of the risk register, improving training Border Agency staff in identifying problem plants and products, and including biosecurity management in relevant course curricula and increasing the capacity of Plant Health Services.
Building a Wood Culture
FR1100 A Green Government will promote access for children and young people into wooded areas, and ensure schools across England and Wales are fully aware of the roles available in forestry. Forest schools will be encouraged.
FR1101 A Green Government will ensure that forest ecosystems and management are incorporated into school curricula; in Further and Higher Education there will be encouragement to include wood, forest and woodland cover into relevant subject areas.
Public Access and Health Benefits
FR1300 In enacting this policy elected Greens recognise the UK Forestry Standard (UKFS), the Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), the Forest Stewardship Council’s (FSC), UK Forestry Stewardship Standard (UKFSS) and the UK Woodland Assurance Standard (UKWAS) for forestry and woodland management; the Woodland Carbon Code for sustainable forest-carbon sequestration management; the Grown in Britain licence for ensuring provenance; the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) for chain of custody and the Soil Association Organic Standards for Woodland.
Research & Development
FR1400 Funding shall be provided for innovative and targeted research, including different timber species’ strengths and utility; CO2 sequestration potential, future planting needs and species suitability under climatic changes; mapping research on land areas most suited to energy production, food growing, urban growth and conservation; planting opportunities mapping; research into organic pest control; climate emergency adaptation and resilience opportunities, particularly flood mitigation (See LD503).
Changes to this chapter
No changes have been made since the last major update (Autumn 2017)